Nash Theatre in New Farm is bringing Oscar Wilde’s classic comedy “Lady Windemere’s Fan” to Brisbane next month.
Set over a 24 hour period, Lady Windermere’s Fan is as relevant today as it was when first performed in London in 1892.
The story concerns Lady Windermere, who suspects that her husband is having an affair with another woman.
She confronts him with it but although he denies it, he invites the other woman, Mrs Erlynne, to his wife’s birthday ball.
Angered by her husband’s supposed unfaithfulness, Lady Windermere decides to leave her husband for another lover.
Mrs Erlynne follows Lady Windermere and attempts to persuade her to return to her husband.
Mrs Erlynne is discovered in a compromising position.
It is then revealed Mrs Erlynne is Lady Windermere’s mother, who abandoned her family twenty years before the time the play is set.
Mrs Erlynne sacrifices herself and her reputation to save her daughter’s marriage.
“We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars,” Oscar Wilde famously wrote in the play.
“Lady Windemere’s Fan” is on from July 15 to August 5 at Nash Theatre, in The Brunswick Room at Merthyr Road Uniting Church at 52 Merthyr Road, New Farm. For tickets and more information, visit the Nash Theatre website or call 3379 4775.
Background of the play
By the summer of 1891, Wilde had already written three plays: Vera; or The Nihilists and The Duchess of Padua had found little success, and Salome had yet to be staged.
Unperturbed, he decided to write another play but turned from tragedy to comedy.
He went to the Lake District in the north of England, where he stayed with a friend.
Later met Robert Ross.
Numerous characters in the play appear to draw their names from the north of England:
- Lady Windermere from the lake and nearby town Windermere.
(though Wilde had used “Windermere” earlier in Lord Arthur Savile’s Crime.)
- The Duchess of Berwick from Berwick-upon-Tweed.
- Lord Darlington from Darlington.
Wilde began writing the play at the prodding of Sir George Alexander, the actor-manager of St James’s Theatre.
The play finished in October. Alexander liked the play, and offered him an advance of £1,000 for it. Wilde, impressed by his confidence, opted to take a percentage instead, from which he would earn £7,000 in the first year alone (worth £747,700 today).
Alexander was a meticulous manager and he and Oscar Wilde began exhaustive revisions and rehearsals of the play.
Both were talented artists with strong ideas about their art.
Wilde, for instance, emphasised attention to aesthetic minutiae rather than realism; he resisted Alexander’s suggested broad stage movements, quipping that “Details are of no importance in life, but in art details are vital”. These continued after the opening night when at the suggestion of both friends and Alexander, Wilde made changes to reveal Mrs Erylnne’s relationship with Lady Windermere gradually throughout the play, rather than reserving the secret for the final act.
Despite these artistic differences, both were professional and their collaboration was a fruitful one.
There is an extant manuscript of the play held in the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library at the University of California in Los Angeles.
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